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PRE-TOUR INFOMATION FOR BIRDING, BUTTERFLY AND NATURE TRIPS

The country covers a variety of habitats from coastal savannah and wetland lagoons with saltpans on most of the Coast. The eastern corridor forms part of what is known as the Dahommy-Gab which is an extension of the guinea savannah that split the African forest into two. The west through the middle to the central half of the north is made up of the upper guinea rainforest changing from wet ever green to moist semi-deciduous in the northern and eastern part towards the Volta basin, While the north is the woodland vegetation of the mole savannah.

CLIMATE

DECEMBER TO FEBRUARY

Weather: It is the driest period of the year (the Hamatan period) when we get the North-East Monzone Wind blowing across the country. It is normally either dry throughout or a few rains in February. Early in the morning and evening can be very misty and foggy. The afternoons are usually hazy and dusty. Night temperature can drop to about 22-25˚C and afternoon temperature could go as high as 37-43˚C. Humidity is low as the air becomes dry.

Dress code: Very light clothing would be ideal; However, a jacket or long but detachable sleves would be good for the morning when the temperature is low. You can also wear knickers but make sure you have sun creams, hats and shades. Water proof boats are not essential only normal hiking boats and sandals or sneakers.

Bird species: This time of the year has all the species around as both intra Africa and European winter migrants arrive to winter, however, they will not be in breeding plumage. Residence species will not be calling much and few will respond to play back calls.

 

MARCH-MAY

Weather: It is semi-dry as there are some rains and most of the trees that lost their leaf start to take new leaf. In the north and most grassland, it would be green and fresh. It will still not be very wet in most part of the north and woodland areas but some part of the forest, mostly, in the west around Ankasa forest could be muddy and slippery. It can be misty and foggy in the morning and afternoon in March, perhaps excess from February. The afternoons are usually hazy and sunny with few clouds and overcasts. The amount of rainfall could double in mid to late May as the main raining season will be approaching. Night temperature can drop to about 25-27˚C and afternoon temperature could go as high as 30-37˚C with the north experiencing the highest. It is humid with relative humidity exceeding 60% because the air will be moist at this time of the year.

Dress code: Light clothing and rain jeers would be ideal. You can also wear knickers but make sure you have insect spray because at this time of the year there could be lots of bugs and biting insects since more breeding areas will be coming up due to stagnant waters in most places. Water proof boats are essential plus normal hiking boats and sandals or sneakers.

Bird species: This time of the year most of the intra Africa and European winter migrants state to leave. Residence species will be changing to breeding plumage and most species will be calling.

 

JUNE - AUGUST

Weather: This is the main raining period of every year. It will be wet in all places even in the dry savannah areas of the north. There will be water everywhere and every plant will be green. The afternoons are usually cloudy and overcast with thunder storm. There will be few or no sun shine in most days. Temperature can be about 27-28˚C and 30-35˚C for night and day across the country. Relatively, it will be very humid with pressure exceeding 80%.

Dress code: Rain jeers are essential here at this time of the year; however, normal clothing would be ideal. You can also wear knickers but make sure you have insect spray because at this time of the year there could be lots of bugs and biting insects since more breeding areas will be coming up due to stagnant waters in most places. Water proof boats are essential plus normal hiking boats no sandals or sneakers.

Bird species: This time of the year only residence species will be around and will mostly be in breeding plumage and most species will be calling but may not respond to play back calls because they will defending their territories.

 

SEPTEMBER - NOVEMBER

Weather: This is the late raining period of every year usually associate with heavy thunder storms. Rains at this time turns to be in the afternoons and evenings than the rest of the year. By November it will be reducing and finally drop off completely in December. There will be water everywhere and every plant will be green, however, it will start to dry by mid November to December. The afternoons are usually cloudy and overcast with thunder storm. There will be more sun shine in most days. Temperature can be about 27-28˚C and 35-40˚C for night and day across the country. Relatively, it will be very humid with pressure exceeding 60-70%.

Dress code: Rain jeers are essential here at this time of the year; however, normal clothing would be ideal. You can also wear knickers but make sure you have insect spray because at this time of the year there could be lots of bugs and biting insects since more breeding areas will be up due to stagnant waters in most places. Water proof boats are essential plus normal hiking boats no sandals or sneakers.

Bird species: Intra Africa and European winter migrants start coming down most in first winter or juvenile and young birds. Some residence birds will still be in the breeding plumage with few still calling or responding to play back calls.

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